What is Technical SEO Best Practices for Higher Rankings (and a Checklist)

What is Technical SEO? Best Practices for Higher Rankings (and a Checklist)

Specialized SEO is a vital advance in the entire SEO measure. Assuming there are issues with your specialized SEO, all things considered, your SEO endeavors won’t produce the normal outcomes.

It is subsequently significant to ensure that you comprehend what is specialized SEO and how to hit the nail on the head.

Fortunately after you do a specialized SEO review of your site and fix any likely issues, you will not need to manage it once more.

In this post, you will realize what is specialized SEO, what are the prescribed procedures to follow and how to do a specialized review of your site utilizing our specialized SEO agenda.

  • What is Technical SEO
  • Technical SEO Best Practices
  • Technical SEO Checklist

What is Technical SEO?

Specialized SEO alludes to the way toward advancing your site for the creeping and ordering stage. With specialized SEO, you can help web search tools access, slither, decipher and list your site with no issues.

It is designated “specialized” on the grounds that it has nothing to do with the real substance of the site or with site advancement. The principle objective of specialized SEO is to upgrade the foundation of a site.

To comprehend what is the genuine significance of specialized SEO, how about we start with some essential wording.

What is SEO?

To start with, we should recap what is SEO? The most improved on definition is that SEO is the way toward enhancing your site for Search motors.

Improvement in the SEO setting implies:

  • Ensuring that web search tools can access and list your site with no issues
  • Having top notch content that coordinates with the plan of the searcher
  • Giving web indexes crawlers the correct signs to comprehend the construction of your site
  • Aiding internet searcher arachnids comprehends the significance (setting) of your substance.
  • Giving web index calculations motivations to confide in your site and rank it higher than different sites.

When you do all the above effectively, your site will be SEO well disposed and a contender to show up in the SERPS for some, look (identified with your substance).

Watch the video tutorial to learn what technical SEO is and how it works.

How do you start SEO?

In the event that you have perused my past article on how web search tools work, you should realize that the initial step taken via web search tools some time before noting an inquiry question, is the creeping and ordering measure.

During this interaction, web search tools are searching for freely accessible site pages to add to their list.

They find, peruse and put together these pages into their data set so they are subsequently gotten to by their calculations to give exact responses to the inquiries entered by clients.

To get the entire picture, take a gander at the graph underneath which shows the three-fundamental mainstay of SEO: Technical SEO, On-Page SEO, and Off-page SEO.

On-Page SEO is identified with substance and how you can make it more pertinent to what the client is looking and off-page SEO (otherwise called external link establishment), is the way toward getting specifies (joins) from different sites to build trust during the positioning cycle.

Technical SEO and SEO

As you can find in the chart above, there are no reasonable limits between specialized, on-page and off-page SEO on the grounds that they all need to cooperate for a completely enhanced site.

Technical SEO Best Practices

Since it’s reasonable what is specialized SEO, how about we see what are the accepted procedures to follow. You can utilize the rundown underneath to do your own specialized SEO review.

  • Specify a Preferred Domain
  • Optimize Robots.txt
  • Optimize Your URL Structure
  • Navigation and Site Structure
  • Breadcrumb Menus
  • Implement Structured Data Markup
  • Canonical URLs
  • Optimize 404 Page
  • XML Sitemap Optimization
  • SSL and HTTPS
  • Website Speed
  • Mobile Friendliness
  • Accelerated Mobile Pages (AMP)
  • Pagination and Multilingual Websites
  • Register your site with webmaster tools

Specify a Preferred Domain

When setting up your site or blog, you need to indicate your favored area. Thusly you teach web crawlers with respect to which variety of the area you need to use all through the lifetime of your site.

We should perceive any reason why you need to do this.

A site of course is available with www and without www before an area name.

For instance, if your area is example.com, your site can be gotten to by both http://www.example.com and http://example.com (for example without the www).

While this is alright for clients, it is mistaking for web indexes on the grounds that they think about these as two unique sites.

This implies that you may experience ordering issues, copy content issues and loss of page rank.

To take care of this issue, you need to set your favored space and illuminate web crawlers about your decision.

www or no www?

One of the inquiries numerous individuals have is whether to utilize www before their space or to go with the non-www adaptation.

There is no SEO advantage from picking one configuration over the other, it’s a matter of individual inclination.

I like to have www before my spaces since it appears to be more normal to me yet there is not much in the event that you choose to go with the http adaptation.

What is significant is to educate web search tools about your choice and be predictable all through the lifetime of your site.

In case you change your mind, you can use 301 redirections to switch between the different formats, but this is not recommended because there is always a risk from making domain migrations.

How to set your preferred domain

Before, the setting to indicate your favored space was accessible in Google Search Console yet Google chose to eliminate this choice and depend on standard URLs.

For more data about accepted URLs and how to utilize them to help web indexes comprehend your favored space, read this guide.

Optimize your Robots.txt

Whenever you are finished with setting your favored area, the subsequent stage is to check and streamline your robots.txt document.

What is robots.txt?

Robots.txt is a book record living in the root registry of your site that offers directions to web search tools regarding which pages of your site they can slither and add to their list.

The arrangement of this document is extremely basic and in most of cases, you don’t need to roll out any improvements to it.

Example of disallow rules in robots.txt

What is important though is to check and ensure that there are no false blockings that will discourage search engine crawlers from indexing your website.

For more information, you can read: How to optimize and validate your robots.txt

Optimize Your URL Structure

The following thing in your specialized SEO review list is to reexamine the URL construction of your site. By URL structure we mean the configuration of your URLs.

Best SEO practices dictate the following about URLs:

  • Use lowercase characters
  • Use – to separate words in the URL
  • Make them short the descriptive
  • Avoid using unnecessary characters or words
  • Use your target keywords in the URL without keyword stuffing

When all is said in done, when you characterize the configuration of your perpetual connection structure, the lone thing you should do is to advance your URLs when distributing new substance.

On the off chance that you are utilizing WordPress as your CMS, you will see that while making another post, WordPress takes your post title and makes the URL.

For instance, if this is your post title “10 Technical SEO Best Practices For Beginners”, the URL produced by WordPress will be http://www.example.com/10-specialized web optimization best-rehearses for-novices.

This isn’t awful, however you can make it more limited like this http://www.example.com/specialized website design enhancement which is more focused on and simpler to recollect.

SEO Friendly URLS Guidelines

As on account of the favored area, in the event that you choose to change your perpetual connection structure you can do so utilizing 301 sidetracks.

It isn’t prescribed however to change the URLs of existing focuses, there is little worth in doing as such, yet you can follow the accepted procedures for your new posts.

For more information and examples, you can read: What is an SEO Friendly URL

Navigation and Website Structure

The construction of a site is a vital SEO factor for some reasons.

Clients are bound to remain on a site longer and discover what they need quicker and web search tools can comprehend and record a site simpler.

A serious mix-up numerous website admins put forth is that in their attempt to improve their sites for changes, they disregard route and webpage construction and they wind up harming their SEO.

An average model is to stow away from clients their document pages and have all substance under a solitary classification.

Previously, it was imagined that file pages or various class pages could hurt your SEO however this is an awful SEO practice.

Google considers the general design of a site while assessing a specific page and this is something that shouldn’t be disregarded.

Obviously, your classification pages ought to be advanced in the event that you need to have any advantage.

Likewise, as expressed by Google (see screen capture beneath from their rules), a clear cut construction helps website admins pin-highlight Google the significant substance of a site, something that will extraordinarily help in pushing higher in rankings the pages that truly matter.

Website Structure Guidelines

For more information and best practices about navigation and site structure read: How to SEO your site structure

Add Breadcrumb Menus

Breadcrumb Trail – Amazon

A breadcrumb menu is a bunch of connections at the top or lower part of a page that permits clients to explore to a past page (generally the classification page) or to the landing page of a site.

A breadcrumb menu fills two fundamental needs: it assists clients with exploring a site effectively without squeezing the back button on their programs and it gives another clue to web search tools about the construction of a site.

Breadcrumbs are referenced as a SEO component in different SEO Guides since they are enthusiastically suggested by Google.

On the off chance that you don’t as of now have breadcrumbs empowered, ensure that they are empowered on your site and that they have the legitimate blueprint.

For more information, read: Breadcrumbs and SEO

Structured Data Markup and SEO

Structured data enhances your website’s presence on the SERPs

Organized information is acquiring and more significant over the most recent couple of years since it is vigorously utilized by Google in the Search Results.

What is structured data?

In basic terms, organized information is code you can add to your pages that is apparent to web search tool crawlers and assists them with understanding the setting of your substance. It’s a method to depict your information to web crawlers in a language they can comprehend.

How is structured data related to technical SEO?

Albeit organized information has to do with the substance of a site, it is important for specialized SEO in light of the fact that you need to add code to your site to take care of business. For the most part, you add the organized information definition once and afterward you don’t need to do anything about it.

For instance, on account of breadcrumbs, you need to design your organized information once and no further activities are required.

The equivalent with articles. When you add the right organized information definition to your CMS it will naturally be applied to new substance.

What is the benefit of using structured data?

It can help you upgrade the introduction of your postings in the SERPS either through highlighted bits, information diagram passages, and so on and increment your CTR.

What are the uses of structured data?

There are numerous ways you can utilize organized information to depict your substance. The most mainstream are: articles, plans, occasions, work posting, nearby business, and the sky is the limit from there. You can see the total rundown here.

For more information on how to add structured data to your website read: What is Schema Markup?

Check Your Canonical URLs

what is a canonical URL

Every single page of your site ought to have a sanctioned URL. This is characterized by adding the tag , in the of your posts and pages.

What is a canonical URL?

It’s a straightforward method to disclose to Google which variant of a page to consider when ordering your site. The idea is like the favored area where a solitary page is open through different URLs.

You can utilize the rel=”canonical” when you have pages with comparable substance, for paging purposes and to keep away from copy content issues when you add substance to your site from different sites.

When in doubt, you ought to determine an authoritative URL for all your site pages.

The most straightforward approach to check if your site accommodates an accepted URL is to visit any of your pages, right-click anyplace on the page and select VIEW SOURCE. Quest for rel=canonical and research the worth.

Assuming you can’t discover any reference to standard, you can either utilize a module to add this naturally (in the event that you are on WordPress you can utilize Yoast SEO) or recruit an engineer to roll out the fundamental improvements to your code.

Similarly as with other specialized SEO components, when you set your site to yield the sanctioned URL accurately, you don’t need to do whatever else.

For more information read: What is a canonical URL

Optimize Your 404 Page

A 404 page is appeared to the clients when the URL they visited doesn’t exist on your site. Possibly the page was erased, the URL was changed or they mistyped the URL in their programs.

Most current WordPress subjects have upgraded 404 pages of course, if not you can undoubtedly make your 404 page SEO more amiable by utilizing a module or altering your topic formats.

What is an optimized 404 page?

An optimized 404 page should:

  • Have similar construction and route menus as your site
  • Tell guests in an agreeable language that they page they are searching for is not, at this point accessible
  • Give them choices (propose other related pages)
  • Make it simple to return to the past page, your landing page, or other significant pages

How to check your 404 pages?

Testing how your 404 page looks is simple, simply open another program window and type a URL on your site that doesn’t exist. What will be appeared in the program is your 404 page.

Try not to invest an excess of energy advancing your 404 pages, simply ensure that when a page isn’t discovered it returns a custom 404 page.

Optimize your XML Sitemap

Quite possibly the main components of specialized SEO is an XML sitemap improvement.

A XML Sitemap is a XML document that rundowns all pages/posts accessible on your site. Other than their title, it additionally incorporates the distributed date and last refreshed date.

Web search tools can utilize the XML sitemap as a guide them when creeping a site.

How to Optimize your XML Sitemap?

XML sitemap improvement is straightforward, just remember for your sitemap the pages that are significant for your site. In most of cases, these are your pages, posts, and classifications.

Try not to remember for your sitemap label pages, creator pages or different pages that have no unique substance all alone.

Ensure that your sitemap is consequently refreshed when another page is distributed or when a page is refreshed.

Utilize the Google search support and Bing Webmaster devices, to present your sitemap to Google and Bing and check the status.

For more information, read this guide: How to optimize your XML Sitemap for maximum SEO.

Add SSL to Make Your Website HTTPS

The most recent pattern on the Internet is security. HTTPS is a realized positioning sign and an extra method to set up trust with your clients.

At the point when you introduce a SSL on your worker, your site can be gotten to utilizing https and not http. This demonstrates that any data moved between your site and worker, (for example, usernames, passwords, individual information, and so on) is encoded.

Previously, SSL was significant for eCommerce sites however these days any site on the Internet ought to have a SSL introduced.

On the off chance that you don’t have SSL introduced the primary activity is to contact your facilitating supplier and request that they empower SSL for you and afterward you need to follow a movement strategy to actuate SSL on your site without losing your rankings.

Adding a SSL is like relocating to another area so you should follow the system with care.

Read my previous guide: How to migrate your website to https without losing SEO for step-by-step instructions.

Website Speed – Faster is better

Another realized positioning sign is site speed. Google is referencing the significance of speed in the entirety of their SEO suggestions and studies affirm that quicker sites perform better compared to more slow sites.

Website Speed and Bounce Rate

Handling site speed is a specialized issue and it requires making changes to your site and framework to get great outcomes.

Your beginning stage is to check your speed utilizing three apparatuses: google page speed bits of knowledge, Pingdom devices and google versatile speed device.

The above instruments will give you a few proposals on what you need to change to improve your speed however as I referenced over it’s a specialized issue and you may need to recruit an engineer to help you.

When all is said in done, how you can deal with make your site load quicker is the accompanying:

  • Upgrade your server to use 64 bits operating system
  • Move up to PHP 7.2 – > this will give you colossal upgrades in speed contrasted with PHP 5.2.
  • Enhance the size of your pictures. There are devices to assist you with doing this without losing quality.
  • Limit the utilization of modules
  • Overhaul WordPress and all modules to the most recent variants
  • Try not to utilize hefty pre-made topics. They add a great deal of code that isn’t required, better put resources into a specially crafted topic.
  • Enhance and minify your CSS and JS Files
  • Utilizing a reserving module to serve stored pages to clients
  • Try not to add such a large number of contents in the of your site
  • Utilize offbeat javascript stacking

For more information on how to improve your page speed read: How to increase page speed (easy guide).

Mobile Friendliness

Having a versatile agreeable site isn’t discretionary. Most presumably most of your clients are on portable and with the presentation of the versatile first record by Google, on the off chance that you don’t suffer a heart attack, versatile cordial site your rankings will endure.

Versatile benevolence is important for specialized SEO on the grounds that once you have a portable agreeable subject, that is appropriately arranged, you don’t need to manage this once more.

It’s additionally an undertaking that requires specialized information on the best way to set it up.

The primary activity is to check the versatile neighborliness of your site utilizing this instrument from Google.

On the off chance that your site doesn’t finish the assessment, you have a great deal of work to do and this ought to be your main goal.

Regardless of whether it finishes the assessment, there are various things you need to think about portable and SEO.

  • Your portable site ought to have a similar substance as your work area site. With the presentation of the versatile first list, Google will attempt to rank portable sites dependent on their portable substance so any substance that you have on the work area ought to likewise be accessible on versatile (counting any inside joins or different components accessible on your work area site).
  • Your versatile site should stack in under 6 seconds (when tried on 3G).
  • It is entirely expected to have a lower change rate on portable (contrasted with work area), however that doesn’t imply that you shouldn’t attempt to streamline your versatile site however much as could reasonably be expected.
  • Try not to utilize popups on portable
  • An AMP site doesn’t swap the requirement for having a quick versatile site. Regardless of whether you have Accelerated Mobile Pages enacted on your site, you actually need to suffer a heart attack and quick portable site. The Mobile-first file doesn’t consider AMP pages as a substitution for versatile well disposed pages.

If you already have a responsive website, then most probably you won’t have to worry about the mobile-first index but if you are having a separate mobile website on a subdomain or folder, then make sure that it has the same content as your desktop website.

Consider Accelerated Mobile Pages (AMP)

Sped up Mobile Pages is a generally new idea presented by Google in its work to make the portable web quicker.

In basic terms, with AMP you give a rendition of your site utilizing AMP HTML which is a chopped down adaptation of typical HTML.

When you make AMP pages for your site these are put away and served to clients through a unique Google reserve which stacks quicker (in a split second) than portable well disposed pages.

AMP pages are just open through the Google Mobile outcomes or through other AMP suppliers like Twitter.

There is a long discussion in the SEO people group concerning whether you ought to receive AMP pages, there are the two benefits and disservices from utilizing this methodology.

The most important pros and cons of AMP are:

AMP Pros

  • Make your mobile pages faster
  • May potentially increase your CTR (from mobile users)

AMP Cons

  • Difficult to carry out. Indeed, even on WordPress initiating the AMP module isn’t sufficient
  • You can’t utilize AMP pages for email advertising purposes
  • You need to employ an engineer to help assemble a nice AMP site
  • Your examination and reports will get confounding as you need to keep up and consider reports from two unique sites (your typical site and your AMP site).

Currently, Google states that there is no SEO benefit from adopting AMP (other than speed), but this may change in the future.

If you decide to add AMP support to your website, you can read my previous guide: How to setup AMP on WordPress

Advanced SEO Topics (Pagination and multi-lingual websites)

The last two things in your specialized SEO review list are pagination and multi-lingual sites.

They are both extremely specialized errands and you possibly need to manage on the off chance that they apply to your site.


Pagination is utilized when you need to separate a long page into different more limited pages and when you empower paging in your classification pages.

To stay away from copy content issues and to merge connections and page rank to your fundamental page, you can utilize rel=”next” and rel=”prev” connections to tell web search tools that the resulting pages are a continuation of the primary page.

At the point when Google finds the rel=”next” and rel=”prev” joins in the code, it will comprehend which is the principle page and it will utilize that for ordering purposes.

If you do have pagination enabled on your website, read this guide from Google.

Multi-Lingual websites

In the event that you have content on your site in more than one language, you need to utilize the hreflang trait to give Google more data about your site design and substance.

This will help them serve the correct substance to clients (for example to show Swedish individuals content in Swedish) and it will likewise assist you with improving your SEO by staying away from copy substance and ordering issues.

For more information on how to handle multilingual websites, read this guide.

Webmaster tools

Google Search Console

To do the main specialized SEO assignments, you need the assistance of website admin instruments. Website admin devices are given via web crawlers and can be utilized to enhance a site for specialized SEO.

The most complete arrangement of devices is the Google Search Console, given by Google.

With Google search comfort you can test your robots.txt record, present a sitemap to Google and discover and fix slither blunders.

It is enthusiastically prescribed to enroll your webpage with Google and Bing website admin devices and design the fundamental settings. The guide beneath can assist you with beginning.

Recommended Guide: How to use Webmaster tools

Technical SEO Checklist

Assuming you have arrived at this point, most presumably you have an excellent thought now on what is specialized SEO and why it is dealt with independently from on-page SEO and Off-Page SEO.

Regardless of whether you have done this previously, it’s consistently a smart thought to play out a specialized SEO review of your site, and this is your specialized SEO agenda.

  • Specify a preferred domain
  • Check and optimize your robots.txt
  • Check and optimize your URL Structure
  • Revise your navigation and website structure
  • Add breadcrumb menus to your posts and pages
  • Add schema markup for breadcrumbs
  • Add structured data to your homepage
  • Add structured data to your posts
  • Add structured data to other pages (based on their type)
  • Check your canonical URLs
  • Optimize your 404 Page
  • Optimize and submit your XML sitemap to Google and Bing
  • Enable HTTPS
  • Check your loading speed and try to make your website faster
  • Check the mobile-friendliness of your website
  • Consider adopting Accelerated Mobile Pages (AMP)
  • Check your pagination and multilingual settings
  • Register your website with Google Search Console
  • Register your website with Bing Webmaster tools

To additional check the advancement level of your site, you can play out an overall SEO Audit, which incorporates much more watches that go past specialized SEO.

Best Technical SEO Courses – A list of the best technical SEO courses to take online and learn technical SEO fast.


Specialized SEO comprises of various checks and settings you need to upgrade to help web search tools slither and list your site with no issues.

In most of cases, when you get your specialized SEO right, you will not need to manage it once more, other than doing periodical SEO Audits.

The word specialized suggests that you need to have some specialized information to do a portion of the assignments (like page speed advancement, adding organized information, and so forth) yet it’s important to do it in any case your site will not arrive at its maximum capacity.

In the event that you need more data about a portion of the assignments, our SEO Courses cover all parts of specialized SEO in detail and will manage you through the interaction bit by bit.

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